The head of the Truth and Reconciliation Commission says the residential school system that operated for more than 120 years was nothing short of a “cultural genocide.”
Justice Murray Sinclair says the residential school experience is clearly one of the darkest and most troubling chapters in our collective history.
His report found the system was not set up to educate aboriginal children, but primarily to break their link to their culture and their identity.
The report makes 94 recommendations, including one that Canada adopt the United Nations declaration on the rights of Indigenous peoples.
The report calls on the federal government to hold a national public inquiry on missing and murdered aboriginal women and girls.
Sinclair says the recommendations should be looked at as an opportunity for Canadians to prove to themselves and to the world that Canada respects and protects the cultures of all peoples within it.